Republic of Chile in South America has a distinctive shape, having 2,700 mi area in length and only 175 mi wide. It is the longest country in the whole world. It is also considered as having one of the longest coastlines, placing fifth in the globe ranking. It is surrounded by South American countries namely, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, Brazil and Ecuador. Because of Chile’s long and narrow shape, the country is divided into different kinds of climates. Chile claims part of the Antartica and around this area is where the glaciers are found and cold climate is experienced. The northern part is the opposite being hailed as the world’s driest desert. As you travel to the center, the climate shifts to Mediterranean climate, which what makes South American countries famous. On Easter Island, the climate is subtropical but with a certain distinct humidity. Chile has a wide array of landscapes ranging from forest lands, volcanoes, lakes twisting peninsulas and several islands.

The main bulk of the population is situated in the center of Chile. Inhabitants are majority of Roman Catholic faith being a colony of Spain in the 16th century. Before the invasion of the Spaniards, the northern and central area of Chile was under the rule of the Incas. It was the Mapuche tribe who ruled over the southern area. The northern territory was claimed by Chile by virtue of their victory in the War of the Pacific against Peru and Bolivia which lasted for 5 years, from 1979 to 1883.

The governance of Chile is divided into 15 regions and further divided into provinces. The provinces are further divided communes. For better administration, the president appoints an intendant to take charge over each region, governors lead the provinces. They are also presidential appointees.

As years go by, Chile was able to establish itself as of South America’s most stable nation. It was able to prosper and continue to emerge as one of those whose economy is emerging. Chile has continued to be one of the largest producers of copper in the world. It also ranks 5th in the globe as the largest exporter of wine and 8th largest producer. It is an active member of various global associations being one of the founding members of the United Nations. It is a proud member of the Union of South American Nations and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States.

Chile has also become world famous for the different tourist attractions. The remains of the Incaic architecture in San Pedro Atacama is one of the most visited sites together with the famous stone structures found in the Easter Island.